Tvør-tjóðað hjúnarband, samfelag og skapan av kvinnuleika. Ein greining av giftum filippinskum og teilendskum kvinnum í Føroyum og royndum teirra við inklusión og eksklusión.
Søgu og samfelagsdeildin, Fróðskaparsetrið
Gestur Hovgaard, Helene Pristed Nielsen
Stuðul úr Granskingargrunninum:
Like several other places in the North Atlantic region, the Faroe Islands have experienced a shift in the global pattern of migration. The recent 15-20 years has brought a new and rapidly increasing phenomenon to the islands, which is female marriage migration from Asia, predominantly from Thailand and the Philippines; in recent years female Africans have added to this trend.
While new population groups are thus entering the Faroe Islands, young people – and in particular young women – are leaving the islands, often in pursuit of education, and frequently without returning. Hence, the net out-migration of women from the Faroes Islands has implied a female deficit of 1,079 women in the age of 20-39 as of January 1st 2014. As of 1st of January 2014 the number of women, 20 years and older, born in the Philippines and living in the Faroes Islands, was 79; the corresponding number for Thai women was 72.
These women have a significant role in the Faroese society. As women, they become wives of local men that most likely would remain single due to the demographic female deficit. As mothers, they contribute to secure the intergenerational reproduction of the population; they are to an increasing extent becoming mothers of future generations. Also, many are employed in jobs that are not considered attractive by the locals, as for example at fish factories and cleaning companies.
With a few exceptions there is no systematic empirical knowledge of immigrants in the Faroe Islands, as for example: Who are they? What challenges are they facing? How are they coping? What does the cross-cultural situation mean to identity-building and sense of belonging? How are they perceived by locals? The drive behind the project is to understand more about the conditions and challenges faced by immigrant Asian women, married to Faroese men, in adapting to life in the Faroe Islands.
The objective of the project is to study the dynamics of cross-border marriage and the female spouses’ experiences of social inclusion and exclusion. The analysis will include personal and social realities of the immigrant spouses as far as the following is concerned:
1. Change in social status before and after migration 2. How do they construct their new lives and integrate into their new home 3. Their social construction of womanhood: being wives, daughters-in-law, workers, and mothers in the receiving society and 4. Inclusion/exclusion experiences as far as greater society is concerned (community organistions and networks, labour market and public institutions)
Theoretically the project will draw upon sociologist Pierre Bourdieu’s reflexive metdodology, relationalist sociologist Viviana A. Zelizer’s theory on connected lives, and gender theory.