Náttúra og náttúrutilfeingi
Hvørjar eru mekanismurnar handan deiling av vitan grundað á royndir í nýskapan í føroysku fiski- og alivinnuni?
Tórheðin J. Jensen
Varðin og Henleys Business School
Jane McKenzie, Torger Reve
Stuðul úr Granskingargrunninum:
The culture of Faroese fishing companies can be characterised as traditional. Fishermen learn their skills in a apprentice-master setting. The profession does not require an academic background. Tradition is the key to catching fish, training skippers and handling fishing equipment and fish. The industry is characterized as a low-tech industry amd experience based knowledge and tacit knowledge are important important in the industry. Tacit knowlege is context specific
The salmon industry is also regarded as a part of the sea food industry, thus, the seafood industry cluster. There are similarities between fishing and salmon farming. Salmon is fish, they are in net cages, the salmon farmers have to sail out in the sea to the farms in all weather, also similar equipment is used to process salmon and e.g. cod. The contexts of the fishing and salmon farming are partly similar. However, compared to the fishing industry a the salmon farming industry is a fairly new industry.
The success of any company depends upon the organisation’s ability to produce (or improve) new products and processes or. Innovation occurs at the boundaries between mindsets, not within the provincial territory of one knowledge or skills base. Most innovation happens at the boundaries between disciplines or specialisations. Working across boundaries is a key ingredient of competitive advantage, but also why innovation proves so difficult to create and maintain. The more easily explicit knowledge can be accessed, the more crucial does tacit knowledge and experience based knowledge become for sustaining or enhancing the competitive position of the firm because tacit knowledge is not easily transferred.
The focus of this research is on the role of the experience based knowledge and tacit knowledge and its connections with explicit knowledge and its role in innovations in the Faroese seafood industry cluster, including both the fishing industry and the salmon farming industry.
Clusters encompass an array of linked industries and other entities important to competition e.g. suppliers of products and services, and providers specialized infrastructure. A cluster is an economic concept indicating that a nation’s successful industries are usually linked through vertical (buyer/supplier) or horizontal relationships” (common customers, technology etc). The Faroese seafood cluster includes fishing companies, salmon farming companies and firms that are supplying and competing with these companies e.g. fish processing companies, trawl makers, mechanic companies, ship yards etc. The context of this research is innovations that have occurred in the Faroese seafood cluster because innovations are knowledge intensive and exacting.
The research will include two case studies. One for fishing and one for salmon farming and these two will be compared to see the differences between the two sub clusters, e.g. does the explicit knowledge play a different role in either of them? Does either of them have a closer relationship with foreign clusters? What role does experienced based knowledge and tacit knowledge play in the innovation in the cluster, and what role does the explicit knowledge play - and how do they interact? How are firms in the cluster linked together in intricate and intimate ways?
This will be a qualitative study and critical incident technique interviewing will be used.